What is a Rodent?
Rodent pest that human usually encounter are Mouse and Rat. Some people may think Mouse are young Rats, the truth is the two are different classification of rodents. Rat are medium to large size rodent while Mouse are small size rodent.
(Adult Brown Rat)
Rat and Mouse have similar feature, for us to distinguish an adult Mouse from young Rat we should check the following. Baby rat will have bigger Feet and Head relative to their body and a shorter but bigger tail than an adult mouse. Adult Mouse have proportional Feet and Legs relative to their body, their head is triangular shape and they have bigger ears in proportion to their body.
(Adult House Mouse)
Rat and Mouse are Nocturnal animals they often forage for food during night time. They are very social animals, they groom each other, sleep together play chase and wrestle. They can also communicate with each other by emitting an ultrasonic sound used for playing, mating, signs of danger and when looking for food.
(Young Rats playing wrestling)
Rat and Mouse are creature of habits, they will use the same path, sleep in the same area and forage for food where they previously found them. Rats are also Neophobia which means they are afraid of new objects, they will avoid baits and new food introduce in their environment. Rats and mouse have very poor eyesight, they rely more on other senses like smell, hearing, taste and touch.
Rodent Life Cycle and Reproduction
Rat and Mouse can reach sexual maturity in as early as 5 weeks after birth but more common is 2 months after birth. They can produce an average of 8 to 10 babies per birth and a total of 40 babies per year.
(Rat nursing her children)
Rodent Infestation Risk
Rat and Mouse belong to the Rodent family and they carry the same disease that might infect and kill humans, some of the sickness cause by rat and mouse are Typhus, Rat-bite fever, Salmonella, Leptospirosis and Meningitis. This diseases are transmitted by rat through their bite, scratch, faces, urine, fleas and eating food or drinking water contaminated by rat.
The best prevention for rat and mouse infestation is by blocking all entry points on our property. The rule is when a rat or mouse head fit into a gap, their body can also fit on it (rat can fit on a 1.3cm hole while a mouse can fit into a 0.6cm hole). We suggest for you to take a pencil and check if the pencil can fit on all door, window, air-condition installation, plumbing line, power lines, cable lines or any other hole or gaps in your property. If a pencil can fit into those gaps or hole, then a mouse can also fit into it.
Hard Rubber is use to cover the sides and bottom of rollup gate to prevent rodents from entering their facility. Hard rubber is the common material of choice in covering opening at gates and door as the material is flexible and durable at the same time.
Fine Wire Mesh Screen can be used as rodent proofing to cover windows and other openings. This is very effective in keeping the rodents out and air ventilation inside your property.
Mortal and cement are the most popular choice of material in covering holes in walls and flooring for water pipes, electrical pipes and other pipes in your building. This is because it the 2 material are the same material used in your walls and floors.
Metal sheets can also be use to cover small openings, holes, gaps and other open spaces that can be used by rodents for entry. Sample below is an aluminum sheet used to cover open space on the side of the door.
If sealing of gaps and holes are not possible in your facility, what we can do to lessen the chances of rodent infestation is by keeping all food source out of their reach inside your property.
We can start by putting all your food on a hard sealed container like lock and lock containers or any hard plastic or glass food container
Proper sanitation is also very important in rodent control. Daily cleaning your kitchen, pantry and canteen is very important. Always consider cleaning areas under, behind and sides of appliances, stove and oven which are often neglected.
This advises will greatly reduce the rodent population in your facility,
but if infestation cannot be managed anymore,
it’s time to call a Professional Pest Control Provider.