What is a Termite?
Termites are organized social insects that live in large colonies. Termites are almost everywhere beneath us, we can’t see them because the termite nest might be as deep as 10 feet beneath us. A single colony may house 2 million termites that’s why it’s been said that the total weight of all termites in the world is heavier than the total weight of all humans.
(A look inside termites mound)
Termites are considered the insect with the longest lifespan. A termite queen can live for 50 years. Termites only eat cellulose which is usually found on woods and other household material that’s why termites usually infect our home.
Termite Life Cycle
Like most insects, life cycle of termites will start from egg to larva. Larva are taken care of the king and worker termites until they become adult termites. Adult termites are then classified by their role in the colony as Worker, Soldier or Nymph.
(Termite Queen, King, Soldiers and Workers)
Termite mounds are constructed by worker termites using soil, saliva and dung. Termite mound is an intricate system filled with holes and tunnel for designed for good air ventilation and function as an air-conditioning system to control the temperature inside the mound. It also comprises of complex tunnel system and a lot of storage chamber for food.
(Huge termite mound found in a farm)
Termites do not live in mounds, each mound would have a nest below it where the colony live. A termite nest have numerous section separated by thin walls. Workers are continuously repairing and maintaining areas that require maintenance and adding tunnels and corridors to the nest.
(Termite nest excavated under a mound)
is the biggest termite in the colony. She has a very large abdomen capable of producing up to 30,000 eggs a day. She is so huge that she cannot carry herself, she rely on the worker termites to feed her, move her and groom her. Her role in the colony is to reproduce termites for the colony to grow. She can live from 25 to 50 years.
is a slightly bigger wingless alate. His responsible for taking care of the 1st batch of termite eggs and mate with the queen. He can live from 25 to 50 years.
are light colored either white to yellowish and around 6mm in length, Worker Termites have the most important role in the survival of a termite colony. Their role involve, foraging for food, breaking the material into cellulose which the colony eat, storing of food, taking care of eggs until they become adult and feeding the solder termites and queen termite. Without the worker termites, the termite colony cannot survive. A worker termite can live for 1 to 2 years
have elongated head with a large jaw used for defending their colony. They are responsible in protect the colony from attacks of other insects. You can find the soldier termite patrolling the perimeter of the nest, some also accompany the workers during forging of food to ward off of possible treat and live for 1 to 2 years
Reproductive termites are dark colored either wingless or with wings. There are two types of Reproductive Termites, Supplemental Reproductive Termites and Winged Reproductive Termites also know as alates or “Gamu - Gamu”.
(Winged Reproductive Termites)
Supplemental Reproductive Termites are know as back-up queens and kings which function is to speed up the production of termites especially if the colony is still small. Winged Termites or alates are reproductive termites that will eventually become king and queen termites if they will successfully swarm and build a new nest.
(Supplemental Reproductive Termites)
Only queen termite are capable of reproducing in an establish colony. Some small colony might have Supplemental Reproductive Termites which can reproduce eggs but once the termite colony is already establish the Supplemental Reproductive Termites will stop reproducing.
Although Soldier Termites bites, it causes no life threatening diseases. What is alarming about termites are the damages it causes to your home and belongings. Termite eat anything that contains cellulose which are mostly found on wood, paper, cartoon, leather, electric wires cover, cloths etc. Termites can cause serious dame to a home if left untreated. It can cause ceiling to collapse, punch a hole on the floor or wall and it can even completely destroy your home. They also cause damages to your belongings like antique paintings, expensive furniture, important documents, and even your favorite shoes.
(Termite infestation )
Regular termite treatment is the best preventive measure you can have against termite infestation. Other preventive measure you can do to reduce the chance of termite infestations is by reducing invitation of termites to your property.
Warehouse which uses elevated racks to store inventory and plastic pallet to deterrent termite infestation. At home, stoking any paper, wood, carton or anything that contains cellulose should be stored elevated from the floor.
Termites are attracted to damp wood, Any water leaks in the roof, wall, ceiling and water pipes should be repaired immediately to maintain the wood inside your house dry. Keeping all wood in your property dry will help a lot in reducing infestation risk.
Always close water faucet properly inside and outside the house as this may create moisture in the soil and wood which is a very strong attractant for termites and other insects. Keeping the soil and removing moisture in your property will help a lot in reducing infestation risk
This advises will greatly reduce the termite population in your facility,
but if infestation cannot be managed anymore,
it’s time to call a Professional Pest Control Provider.